Canadian Experiment Report

I’ve often discussed or referred to the particular form of regulation of paralegals established in Ontario, Canada.  That discussion has included comments about or from persons who do not view the program favorably. (See “Canada” category.) Under the program, regulated paralegals can perform many lawyer-type functions without the supervision of an attorney. The program has been in effect for five years now and the Law Society of Upper Canada has presented a report to Attorney General John Gerretsen, declaring it a success. Of course, those who object to the role of the Law Society in the program (and other more objective observers) will be somewhat cynical about the objectivity of the report.

Nevertheless, the report is important reading for those concerned about the future of paralegal regulation and indeed the paralegal profession itself in American. According to the press release,

…the report shows that paralegals and the public have both benefited from regulation.

The extensive review looked at whether Law Society regulation had established fair and transparent licensing processes, reasonable standards of competence and conduct, and fair and transparent investigative and disciplinary processes for paralegals. It also examined the effect that regulation has had on licensed paralegals and the public who have used their services…

As part of the review process, the Law Society solicited submissions from paralegals, lawyers, legal organizations and members of the public, and received 26 submissions – 12 from organizations and 14 from individuals. All of these submissions were considered in the preparation of the report.

A consultant conducted extensive research, including focus groups with paralegals and members of the public who have used paralegal services. Online surveys of licensed paralegals and users of paralegal services were also conducted. These research findings helped to inform the report’s analysis.

“Results show that paralegals are well on their way to establishing a prestigious and well-regarded profession,” said Law Society Treasurer Thomas G. Conway. “Paralegal regulation has provided consumer protection while maintaining access to justice. The Law Society is proud of all that has been accomplished in the past five years and we are pleased to present this report to the Attorney General.”

When I return to campus at the end of the month, I will try to get a copy of the complete report for further comment and discussion.

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